National Korean Clothing
Strolling through the streets of South Korea to see girls dressed in modern jeans, mini skirts, and elegant costumes, from the collection of the latest Western trends. However, on the background of the people in the usual European clothes, stand out vividly the people wearing national Korean clothing hanbok or Nabok. Hanbok is a traditional clothing that is worn Koreans in a solemn and public holidays: weddings, new year or thanksgiving.
Women’s hanbok consists of a spacious skirt that wraps around the body, and the jacket is similar to the Bolero. This is called chima-Chogori. The skirt is called in Korean-China and jacket – Chogori. Murshidabad consists of a short jacket and a spacious press, which in Korean is called paji and really need to fit tightly to the ankles. As the hanbok, has no pockets, women and men use “small bags” of various types, the so-called cumani. Basically “handbags” are of two types: circular and polygonal. They are sure to be drawn out and embellished with embroidery. These ornaments in the form of complex, carefully executed knots and tassels symbolizing various status and gender of the bearer of this subject.
It is known that the Koreans wore traditional clothing from the period of the three kingdoms (57 BC-668 ad). The people of the Kingdom of Goguryeo (37H. BC – 668 BC) wore Nabok (the subject of underwear) protecting people from the cold, sewn from the skins of animals. During the reign of the Joseon Dynasty (1392 -1910 years) rich people wore warm clothes made of cotton and the poor clothing of sebacea skin. And only in the 1960s, Korea began to produce Western style clothing, known today.
Traditional hanbok worn in our day, is sewn on to the garment sample, which was prevalent during the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910), focused on Confucianism. Aristocratic class that relies more on education and social status than material values, wore hanbok of bright colors, made of plain silk, and silk handmade in cold weather and heat from the lungs, permeable materials. The people of humble origin were forbidden by law to whiten cotton, to wear clothes of white and pale pink. Therefore, they can only wear light green, gray or charcoal black hanbok.
Deep symbolic meaning in national costume color. The traditional color of the Korean red clothing considered. And even when in Korea began to produce Nabiki different colors, red is still in great demand. In China and Korea red has always been considered a symbol of success. People believe that if a person wears red clothes in the New year – it attracts good luck for the whole year and protects against evil spirits, especially if the color matches the color of the animal on the Chinese zodiac calendar.
Basic colors, including white, was five. Red was the ceremonial clothing of the king and Queen, and skirts brides (green blouse). Skirts ladies official suits officials were stained the color Indigo (blue), meaning constancy. Black embodies infinity and creativity, and men’s hats Koreans were black. Yellow – the color of the center of the universe is symbolized by the king and Queen and during court ceremonies was admissible solely for their clothes.
There was another, the social symbolism of color.
The hanbok, which wore a young girl to the marriage ceremony, was mostly red-yellow (China red, Chogori – yellow). After the wedding ceremony, when he performed the ritual worship of the “new parents” and during the honeymoon, the girls changed the costume, that is China remained bright red, and Chogori green. At the wedding the groom’s mother always wore blue or something close to this color, and the mother of the bride pink. Purple collar blouses meant that a woman is married, and a blue cuff that she has a son.
Today, for the ceremony of betrothal Korean girl hanbok predominantly pink. In addition, also used wedding dresses Western style and traditional red chima and green Chogori. In other cases, they wear hanbok another color, or embroidered, or painted (on fabric, hand-made), or woven in gold. But should pay attention to the fact that white clothes have the right to wear the only people of advanced age, or it can be used only as a morning dress (a comparison can be drawn with underwear).
In the 1970s such a garment as red Nabok became a symbol of gratitude to my parents, there was a custom to buy warm Nabok for parents in appreciation after graduating and obtaining a first job.
But with rapid economic growth in Korea began to appear apartment with good heating, and suddenly a thick piece of clothing to one side was the old-fashioned clothes hermits. He became a symbol of the old, the reason for grins and humor. Bright red long thick clothes became the object of ridicule and a sign of old age, as young people always prefer to look slimmer and elegant even in cold weather.
Modern designers are increasingly trying to “revive” the hanbok and other costumes of ancestors, that is, they not only create fashionable products with unique features which has only Korean national clothes . but taking into account the needs of modern citizens. So modern Nabiki meet the needs of our time, they help to emphasize the figure, made of eco-friendly materials that retain heat.
Today, the national Korean clothing is not only a symbol of tradition of the country, it is also popular due to high quality and convenience in other countries. Korea exports its traditional clothing around the world – in the Netherlands, Spain, America and Africa, producing the goods in accordance with the size and needs of the country.
And in the winter of 2009-2010 Korea gradually returns to its past, and young people no longer afraid to buy Nabok, because he is helpful and nice body and helps to retain heat.