Chinese traditional clothes
Traditional clothing of China
Speaking about traditional Chinese clothing, it is necessary to remember, first and foremost, about hanfu. Since ancient times, the Chinese wore the so-called clothing of the Han people (the name of the people came from the Han dynasty), i.e. hanfu.
Now these clothes can be seen in Chinese series about ancient times. All attempts to restore the tradition of wearing this garment even in China itself perceived as appealing to Japanese culture, because hanfu, very similar to the Japanese kimono. This is not surprising, because the tradition of making and wearing Japanese clothing, like much else, was in his borrowed time in China V-VII centuries, during the reign of the Tang dynasty. Later, in a more stable and conservative Japan this garment is preserved as a national Japanese tradition.
If to speak about what is now seen by the notion of the Chinese national service, the first thing I remember long, beautiful dress. This zipao. It is true in English-speaking countries, this clothes is more known under the name of Consum, which literally translates as a long shirt. The word Consum came from the Cantonese dialect of the Chinese language, which is spoken in the South, mainly in Guangdong province. In other parts of the country, including in Beijing, this kind of service called tipao, and not without reason, because this word has its own history.
A small digression into the history. Zipao first appeared in China after the fall of the Ming dynasty and the conquest of China by the Manchus in 1644. After establishing his power in China, they formed a new class of people, which consisted mainly manchurians and know, the hallmark of which had their own flags – flags (qi), and these people were called Znamenny (Tijani). Subsequently, the concept of the standard of people has turned into a household name, and name of all Manchus. Usually Manchu women wore a dress that consists of one item, which has received the name of CIPO or dress Znamenny (PAO dress, robe).
First bathrobes, zipao were made very simply. From a piece of matter with only two seams, five button placket, collar stand and with a long slit in front, zipao began its triumphant March through China.
They were changing, improving and adapting to the way in which society he was dressed. This outfit was worn by both men and women, which was a revolution in the clothes of those times, as Confucian morality, women and men China had to wear different kind of clothes, but even store it in different places. Although the principle of the tailoring was the same, dresses zipao was different as day and night, depending on how, to whom and for what purpose it was intended.
In the eighteenth century, the Emperor Qianlong issued a decree on the rules of wearing zipao. It was stipulated materials, the number of embroidery, were named five kinds of outfit, zipao for the Emperor and his officials. For different classes meant different dress. It was the dress for every day, for travel, rainy weather, for the ceremonies at the court and less formal events. No one except the Emperor and members of his family, could not wear gold color. Imperial zipao gold or blue silk were usually embroidered with nine dragons and five cloud, where nine and five sacred number, and the dragon – a symbol of Imperial power.
Today, zipao reborn. There is such a thing: if the Chinese woman wants to look elegant, she puts on CIPO. Not delivering hassle when putting on and comfortable to wear, zipao perfectly flatter your figure. High collar dress fastened under the neck, and the sleeves can be quite short and full length – it depends on the time of year and preferences. Dress sepahijala on the right side and secured with a special hook-and-loops. Free chest, narrowed at the waist, and two slits on the sides, it combines everything you need in order to emphasize the beauty of the female form.
For a long time in post-war China clothing was unified, zipao dressed only on holidays (Yes, in the process of building communism not to shop there ). Today, women in CIPO can be found in offices, on the streets, on the shoppers (represent our ladies in sundresses! ).
In addition, I noticed that almost always the service workers wearing uniforms made in national style. Very often on the street you can see the kids-preschoolers, dressed in national costumes.
Chinese traditional clothing today is very diverse. In addition to CIPO, and short blouses, vests, wrap jackets and sweatshirts. The main difference is the softness and elegance of cut, that is, on the figure, a kind of finish traditional Chinese embroidery, lace or buttons knots.
Interesting information met about right smell of clothes the Chinese.
…Traditional character (starting with Yin time) wore overlapping outerwear from left to right. In the view of the Chinese, this way of putting the service indicated their ethnicity. Confucius observed: “If not for Guan Zhong (who fought against nomads), we all walked unkempt and leafy would clothes left.”
“Left overlapping” service was typical for a service not only barbarians, but dead Chinese. The deceased was dressed in a robe that sepahijala left, as evidenced by funerary portraits and reliefs of the Late Han. In Ancient China, the movement against the sun (counterclockwise) identified with hostile, adverse, barbaric, associated with the world of the dead ritual…
Logically, however. All that is counterclockwise, violates the natural course of the process…